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Saturday, February 15, 2020 | History

3 edition of U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan found in the catalog.

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation.

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan

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  • 2 Currently reading

Published by Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Nuclear industry -- United States -- Employees,
  • Nuclear power plants -- United States -- Personnel management,
  • Human engineering

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesUS Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14948087M

    Conclusion 2. These include earthquakes, tsunamis and other geographically extensive floods, and geomagnetic disturbances. Twenty prefectures on three of Japan's major islands Hokkaido, Honshu, and Shikoku were affected by the earthquake and tsunami. If the CNSC proceeds with any regulatory amendments or changes to regulatory documents, additional opportunities for consultation on specific proposals will be available to stakeholders. They are organized into five sections in this summary.

    If the CNSC proceeds with any regulatory amendments or changes to regulatory documents, additional opportunities for consultation on specific proposals will be available to stakeholders. On the other hand, where issues arise with regard to digital upgrades that are no different from issues posed for analog systems, such issues should be treated consistently. This research should then be incorporated into the overall research plan. To return to the previous example, if the new employee had carried out the system tests alone and the system had been improperly reinstated afterwards, the systemic and human-focused approach promoted by the human performance program would have been brought to bear in analyzing the failure. Examinations of the Japanese nuclear regulatory system following the Fukushima Daiichi accident concluded that regulatory agencies were not independent and were subject to regulatory capture.

    The report discusses the difficult and complex nature of the key issues and directions for developing consensus on assessment of digital technology. NRC stated that the probability of a severe accident is so incredible that the consequences can be dismissed from the analysis of impacts in its relicensing environmental impact statements EIS. Larry Criscione, a second NRC risk engineer also raised concerns about the NRC withholding information concerning the risk of flooding. However, the case for widespread nuclear plant construction was eroded due to abundant natural gas supplies, slow electricity demand growth in a weak U. The direct cause was the improper withdrawal of the central control rodresponsible for absorbing neutrons in the reactor core. Emergency Classifications[ edit ] The NRC established a classification scale for nuclear power plant events to ensure consistency in the communications and emergency response.


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U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan by U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation. Download PDF Ebook

Three reactors sustained severe core damage Units 1, 2, and 3 ; three reactor buildings were damaged by hydrogen explosions Units 1, 3, and 4 U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan book and offsite releases of radioactive materials contaminated land in Fukushima and several neighboring prefectures.

Is it up-to-date? In this regard, the committee strongly believes that it is important for the USNRC to distinguish between digital upgrades that are significant i.

This classification indicates that a small problem has occurred. The odds of the Jocassee Dam failing over that period are 1 in View Saved Searches Close We noticed you don't have any profile preferences.

Such accidents can arise, for example, from multiple human and equipment failures, violations of operational protocols, and extreme external events.

Find your opportunity to shape America's future. The Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami are examples of extreme events. The two strategic issues are the case-by-case licensing process and the adequacy of the technical infrastructure.

This more Strengthen capabilities for assessing risks from beyond-design-basis events. The report discusses the difficult and complex nature of the key issues and directions for developing consensus on assessment of digital technology.

If you search by a city, we'll include jobs within a 25 mile radius. Undue focus on human error can be counterproductive Footnote [18] and result in a culture where the last person to touch a system generally receives the blame for an undesirable outcome.

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The USNRC regulatory guidance on the use of COTS should recognize and be based on the principle that criteria and verification activities are to be commensurate with the safety significance and complexity of the specific application. Coordination among the central U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan book local governments was hampered by limited and poor communications.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission should support industry's efforts to strengthen its capabilities by providing guidance on approaches and by overseeing independent review by technical peers i.

A human performance program can be a formal program within the management system governance, which provides a formal and comprehensive umbrella-type overview, including the documented interfaces between the process elements.

Failure of the plant owner Tokyo Electric Power Company and the principal regulator Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency to protect U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission human factors program plan book safety equipment at the plant from flooding in spite of mounting evidence that the plant's current design basis for tsunamis was inadequate.

A smaller organization may need to consider the specific human factors in day-to-day decisions to ensure that the worker and the facility remain safe. Plant operators and regulators must take timely actions to implement countermeasures when such new information results in substantial changes to risk profiles at nuclear plants.

Unit 2, which was started in the s, abandoned, then relaunched again recently, is now preparing to begin commercial power production late this summer. He cited safety concerns stemming from Japan's Fukushima nuclear disastersaying "I cannot support issuing this license as if Fukushima never happened".

The UCS said that over the years, it had found the NRC's enforcement of safety rules has not been "timely, consistent, or effective" and it cited 14 "near-misses" at U. Periodic outside review of the USNRC research program could help assure that the right issues are being addressed and could also lead to areas of collaborative research.

For example, management and supervision, personnel training, and procedures are specific areas that are managed by the organization.

Sometimes, human performance programs mistakenly focus solely on human error and undesirable outcomes. However, a more formal, outside review would be useful. Human errors may only be seen as such when there are undesirable outcomes, although there may be regular deviations from a procedure or a preferred action.

Update your preferences. If you are following earlier ICRP 60 recommendations, the remainder consists of 10 tissues: the adrenals, brain, small intestine, upper large intestine, kidney, muscle, pancreas, spleen, thymus, and uterus, and the combined weighting factor for all of these tissues is 0.

Several factors prevented plant personnel from achieving greater success—in particular, averting reactor core damage—and contributed to the overall severity of the accident: 1. Environmental impact statement Yet this conflicts with NRC's internal analyses which concluded that flooding presented a serious human and environmental risk.U.S.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards 7; United States Department of Energy 7; Brookhaven National Laboratory 6; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Division of Fuel Cycle and Material Safety 6; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Operating Reactors 6; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Human Factors Engineer at U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The University of Connecticut. View profile View profile badges Get a job like Stephanie’s.

Distribution jobs in Athens, TN. 95, Title: Human Factors Engineer at U.S. Figure Location and years of operation for U.S. commercial power reactors (Source: Nuclear Regulatory Commission [15]) In the U.S. there are only 2 kinds of nuclear reactors in commercial operation, the pressurized water reactor (PWR) and the boiling water reactor (BWR).

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Of the operating reactors 69 are PWRs and 35 are BWRs [8].follow the four pdf prescribed by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission in NUREG, Human Factors Engineering Program Review Model. These four phases include Planning and Analysis, Design, Verification and Validation, and Implementation and Operation.

While NUREG is a useful.RECOMMENDATION C: As the U.S. nuclear industry and the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission carry out the actions in Recommendation A, they should pay particular attention to the risks from beyond-design-basis events that have the potential to affect large geographic regions and multiple nuclear plants.

These include earthquakes, tsunamis.U.S. Ebook Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards 7; United States Department of Energy 7; Brookhaven National Laboratory 6; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Fuel Cycle and Material Safety 6; U.S.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Division of Operating Reactors 6; U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.